MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES IN INDIA
India is home to several major mountain ranges that have peaks of over 1000
meters. The world’s highest mountain range, the Himalayas, spans five countries
including India. The Himalayas are where three religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, and
Islam—meet. India has some of the highest mountain ranges and mountain roads
in the world.
Here’s a list of some Mountain Ranges of India:
THE ARAVALI RANGE
The Aravali Range is the oldest mountain range in the world. The width of the range
varies from 10km to 100km. Aravalli Range plays a very important role in the Indian
climate as it blocks wind carrying rain to reach the Thar Desert. This range starts near
Delhi, passing through southern Haryana and Rajasthan and ends in Gujarat.
THE HIMALAYA MOUNTAIN RANGE
The Himalaya mountain range is geographically split into the Great Himalaya,
Middle Himalaya and Outer Himalaya ranges. The Himalayas are inhabited by
millions of people and are spread across five countries namely India, Bhutan,
China, Nepal, and Pakistan. The Himalayan Mountain Range is one of the youngest
mountain ranges on the planet with uplifted rocks.
The Eastern Ghats is a mountain range that runs in the eastern part of the Indian Peninsula parallel
to the Bay of Bengal. This range is not continuous and is lower in elevation when
compared to the Western Ghats. The Eastern Ghats are older than the Western Ghats
and have a complex geologic history.
THE PURVANCHAL RANGE
The Purvanchal Range is a sub mountain range of the Himalayas in Northeast
India. It lies south of the Brahmaputra (Dihang) River in Arunachal Pradesh and
forms the boundary between India and Myanmar. The Purvanchal Mountains
are composed largely of strong sandstone geological formations. This range is an
eastern extension of the Himalayan Range System in northeastern India.