CIVILIZATION AND CULTURE- DIFFERENT BUT COMPLEMENTARY


CIVILIZATION AND CULTURE

Culture is a term used to denote the manifestation of the manner in which we think, behave and act. Civilization refers to the process through which a region or society, outstretches an advanced stage of human development and organization. Culture is the set of values that shapes the behavior of the society at different levels while civilization is apparent in the physical development in form of man-made environment. Culture is the mind of society and civilization is the body.

Though civilization and culture are different things, they are complementary too. Refinement in outward appearance is a condition of civilization. It is people living in the city or town enjoying all amenities of life. It is people enjoying high education in literary, professional or vocational disciplines and modern way of dressing and food habits. Fashion is another feature of civilization and urbanization is a part of civilization.

Culture on the other hand, refers to spiritual or behavioral upliftment. It dictates high standard of character, behavior, and mutual relationship in the society. Realization and conciliation are two things that a cultured person holds. He naturally possesses virtues like love, courtesy, pity, devotion, wisdom, power of understanding, sympathy etc.

Modern world requires a combination of the two to get on. A civilized person if not supplemented with culture, proves a misfit. On the other hand, a cultured person naturally should know the ways of a civilized person and assimilate them. One has to appreciate the new trends in the concept of life. So long as we lead a material life, we cannot ignore the new fashions and requirements of the new generation. At the mean time, we should not miss the long cherished wealth of our tradition, upon which the culture rests.

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