New Delhi: Reduction of anemia is prioritized by the government under the recently launched POSHAN Abhiyaan. It aims to reduce anemia which has a prevalence of 3 percent per year among children, adolescents, women in the reproductive age group, and pregnant women. The scheme envisions reducing the numbers between 2018 and 2022. In this regard, Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) strategy has been formulated (also known as Intensified National Iron Plus Initiative) for holistic and comprehensive management of anemia among the six target age groups including women in reproductive age group.
Guidelines have been issued to the states and UTs for universal screening of pregnant women at all health facilities. 180 Iron and folic acid (IFA) tablets are given for antenatal and 180 IFA tablets are given for post-natal period to all pregnant women.
If pregnant women are found to be clinically anemic, they are given double doses of tablets as a part of the treatment regimen. For adolescent girls between 10-19 years of age, weekly iron-folic acid is provided throughout.
To address anemia due to worm infestation, de-worming of pregnant women is done after the first trimester of pregnancy and biannually in adolescents.
To tackle the problem of anemia due to malaria, particularly in women and children, Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) and Insecticide Treated Bed Nets (ITBNs) are being distributed in endemic areas.
Health and nutrition education through Information, Education and Communication (IEC) material in the form of posters, hoardings, wall-writings, and audio-visuals is undertaken.