New Delhi: Gastric ailments are a set of symptoms caused by excess production of acid by the gastric glands of the stomach. This is a common dietary problem which affects all range of age groups. Human stomach naturally produces gastric or Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) to help digest and break down food.

Why It Happens And What Are The Major Causes?

The problem occurs when there is excess production of the acid due to consuming certain acidic foods and alcohol. Dehydration and stress can also lead to flatulence. When acidity occurs, the excess acid may move up from your stomach to your chest, causing a burning sensation in the chest. It produces other uncomfortable symptoms such as sour taste in the mouth, heaviness, and heartburn.

Generally, there is a perception that gastric ailments are a minor digestive health issues that do not require medical attention. But if one suffers every day from excessive flatulence, it can be more than distressing or embarrassing. The continuous ignorance of these issues may lead to serious stomach disease.

How to deal with gastric issues

If one is not getting relief from gastric pain by changing the diet and lifestyle, some testing may be necessary to find out the root cause.

In an interview to a portal, MD with the Digestive Disease Institute at the Cleveland Clinic Dr. Francisco J. Marrero said, “Excessive gas is one of the most difficult things to diagnose and to treat.”

He added that the cause is dietary — people eating too much cabbage or taking too many onions on their sandwich, or gobbling up other foods that cause gas to form.

There are certain reports of your body like- other symptoms, medical history, and risk factors for other conditions are taken into consideration for diagnosing the gastric disease.

“Usually, unless there’s a red flag that there’s something serious going on, most doctors start out conservatively,” said Dr. Marrero.

Tests to Diagnose Gas

Doctors suggest going through some tests to find the core causes. It helps to identify causes like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bacterial overgrowth in the intestines, or a blockage somewhere in the digestive tract.

Once the doctor reviews the reports and medical history, he or she will suggest a series of imaging tests, including a CT (computed tomography) scan of your abdomen. Also, an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or an ultrasound may also be advised to spot the problem.

Here Are Few Major Tests For The Patients:

Barium X-rays: A rectal tube is inserted in the rectum that helps in finding out abnormalities in the digestive tract.

Endoscopy:  A set of three tests- a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or upper endoscopy, requires a tube with a camera on the end of it to look for abnormalities.

Blood tests: Doctor may advise for a blood test to track any infection or an indication of another health problem to see if that’s what’s causing your gas.

Usually, not all people need these extensive tests because most gas problems can be resolved by bringing in a change in the diet.

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