Breast changes are common during pregnancy and happen as results of hormonal fluctuations. These changes begin as early together week after conception and continue until the birth of the baby. During pregnancy, hormones within the woman’s body prepare the breasts for lactation. Increase in oestrogen, progesterone, and prolactin hormone levels attribute to a change within the architecture of the breasts. Breasts are made from glandular and adipose tissue supported by fibrous animal tissue. As pregnancy progresses, there’s a rise in glandular tissue with a decrease in fatty substrate attributing to extend in density. Oestrogen stimulates the expansion of breast duct cells and progesterone regulates lobular cell proliferation.
Some breast changes commonly noticed during pregnancy:
With breasts growing continuously through pregnancy, there are often discomfort and pain. Increase in oestrogen and progesterone levels are liable for the tenderness in breasts. Soreness of breasts is more prominent during the primary trimester.
Enlargement of breasts, nipples, and therefore the areolas is observed during pregnancy thanks to hormonal changes. This may also lead to stretch mark over breasts and it is a completely normal breast change.
Breasts might leak yellow colour thick liquid referred to as colostrum, which is early milk during the trimester. Occasionally, you’ll notice nipple discharge laced with blood, as a results of blood vessels growing rapidly and increasing in number.
Small glands present on areola called as montgomery tubercles are often seen as raised bumps as they’ll become pronounced during pregnancy. These breast changes are normal and should not be worried about.
Tips on Reducing Discomfort During this era
- A well-fitting and supportive bra is one among the simplest ways to scale back breast discomfort during pregnancy.
- Warm compresses and massage could be helpful for sore breasts to alleviate from pain.
- For leakage of colostrum, breast pads are often used.